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 Southern Tenant Farmers Union

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Hours of Operation:



9 a.m. - 3 p.m.


Noon - 3 p.m.

Closed major holidays. 

For special programs call:

With leadership from H. L. Mitchell and Clay East, 11 white men and seven black men met in a small schoolhouse near Tyronza in July 1934 and formed a union.

Much of the unionís historic importance came from the fact that it included both black and white tenant farmers as members and leaders.  Women were also welcomed into leadership ranks.  This integration was rare at that time and place. 

The union used such means as strikes, demonstrations, and rallies to call attention to their plight.  Often, their efforts were met with intimidation and violence.  Efforts to destroy the STFU included eviction of tenants and firing farm laborers who joined.

Union leaders received many pleas for help from evicted tenants and interceded on their behalf.



Sharecroppers listen intently during union meeting in St. Francis, Arkansas, 1937


Photograph by Louise Boyle

Courtesy of the STFU Records

Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Arkansas Delta:  Early Years

Pre-Civil War:  Enslaved Labor

Tenant Farming Labor System

Hard Times for Farmers

The Agricultural Adjustment Act

Southern Tenant Farmers Union

The Union's Legacy 

Southern Tenant Farmers Museum

117 Main Street, Tyronza, Arkansas 72386

Telephone:  870-487-2909;  Fax 870-487-2910


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 regarding this site to Linda Hinton                                                                         Return to Arkansas State University Home Page