The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) of 1933 was passed
to help support cotton prices by reducing production.
Government support checks were paid to farmers to offset the
loss of income, due to plowed up cotton. Checks were made
payable only to landowners, who were supposed to share
income with tenants. Many did not, however, and abuse was
With less land in cotton production, the need
for tenant farmers was reduced. Some tenant farmers had the
option of eviction or becoming day labors, who were not
eligible for support payments.
Tenant farmers searching for ways to improve their
miserable living conditions turned for help to two Tyronza
businessmen, H. L. Mitchell and Clay East.