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The Agricultural Adjustment Act

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The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) of 1933 was passed to help support cotton prices by reducing  production.

Government support checks were paid to farmers to offset the loss of income, due to plowed up cotton. Checks were made payable only to landowners, who were supposed to share income with tenants. Many did not, however, and abuse was widespread.

With less land in cotton production, the need for tenant farmers was reduced. Some tenant farmers had the option of eviction or becoming day labors, who were not eligible for support payments.

Tenant farmers searching for ways to improve their miserable living conditions turned for help to two Tyronza businessmen, H. L. Mitchell and Clay East.

Blytheville Image

Belongings of an evicted family line the road near Tyronza, Arkansas

Courtesy of the STFU Records

Southern Historical Collection
Wilson Library University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill


Arkansas Delta:  Early Years

Pre-Civil War:  Enslaved Labor

Tenant Farming Labor System

Hard Times for Farmers

The Agricultural Adjustment Act

Southern Tenant Farmers Union

The Union's Legacy


Southern Tenant Farmers Museum

117 Main Street, Tyronza, Arkansas 72386

Telephone:  870-487-2909;  Fax 870-487-2910


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 regarding this site to Linda Hinton                                                                         Return to Arkansas State University Home Page